Coimbatore, also called the ‘Manchester of India’, is the largest city of Tamil Nadu. Coimbatore is also known as Kovai is the district headquarters of the state. The city is located at 500 kms from the capital city Chennai, towards the west of Tamil Nadu state. It is a major textile centre and nerve centre of engineering activities of South India. The city is surrounded by mountains in the west and Nilgiris in north. The district has a rich flora and fauna with a number of lakes like Singanallur Lake, Kuruchi Lake, Valankulam Lake etc. The area is a home to more than 125 varieties of birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fish etc.
Evolution of Current Day CoimbatoreThe city of Coimbatore lying at the banks of river Noyyal has a history dating back in second century. Starting from the Chola rulers, Coimbatore changed the crown to Rashtrakutas, Chalukyas, Pandiyas, Hoysalas and the Vijayanagara rulers. During 10th century King Kovan reigned the city during whose reign the city was constructed. With the decline of Cholas, brief periods of the Pandyas, Madurai Sultanate, Hoysalas, Vijayanagar Empire and the Madurai Nayaks and Thanjavur Nayaks came to rule.
Later after the Third Mysore war, Coimbatore fell to the rule of British. The municipality of Coimbatore was formed in 1865. With the setting in of 19th century and with advent of industrialization here, the place evoked the growth spree in Coimbatore. Today the city stands strong as an important industrial hub of the country.
Climate of CoimbatoreSituated along the Western Ghats, the climate of the city experiences an excellent weather throughout the year. The temperatures lie between the averages of 35.8 C to 22.4 C with a rainfall is 71 cms.
Coimbatore as an Industrial Hub of India
Coimbatore is blessed with a fine infrastructure conducive for growth of investments, business and trade. There are more than 25,000 small, medium and large scale industries in this city. The city houses prominent Textile research institutes. IT parks are being planned around the city with the upcoming of IT based companies like TCS, KGISL, and Cognizant Technologies etc. Lately the city is also gaining a reputation of an IT and a BPO city. The city’s motor and pump companies cater to a large portion of India’s requirement of motors and pumps, while the wet grinder industry is the monopoly of the region. Engineering firms, manufacture of auto-mobile parts, health care habiliments, hosieries, poultries, and educational institutions are other inevitable activities Coimbatore is known for. The city is predominantly known for textile industries in the region. Although, Industrialization started in the region in 1888, but the city saw a textile boom during 1920s and 1930s.
Culture and People of CoimbatoreCovering an area of 257 km2, an estimated
population of the area is around 1.5 million people. The population here
speaks mainly Tamil, though English is also widely spoken.Coimbatore is essentially a traditional city with multi-cultural confluences from Kerala, other cities of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Being a multi-cultural state, the city also accommodates people from other states like Rajasthan and Gujarat. Domicile to a number of Universities and a college, Coimbatore has a very well educated population. Coimbatore has many important temples like Perur Patteeswarar Temple, Konniamman temple, Thandu Mariamman temple and many more. However the city also has mosques set at Oppanakara Street and Big Bazaar Street, churches, Gurudwaras and Jain temples. Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Jainism and Sikhism move hand in hand here.
The local cuisines of the city is spicy south Indian food like sambhar, Rasam, Idly, Pongal etc, but the people love north Indian cuisines along with continental and Chinese food. This choice of food has paved way to very many Chinese restaurants, continental food restaurants and fast food restaurants.
Festivals in Coimbatore
The city mostly celebrates all the Tamil festivals and common festivals apart from the festivals that are a part of Kerala as well. During summer the Mariamman festival forms the major event that is celebrated only at this part of the country, and is considered a local holiday.
Entertainment in CoimbatoreThe city harbors the first Film city in the whole of South India to support the shooting and processing of the films at that time when motion pictures have just started venturing in the whole of India. It was in the year 1935 that Central Studios was initiated by Shri. Rangaswamy Naidu and in the year 1945 Pakshira Studios was set up by Shri. S. M. Sriramulu Naidu.
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